Sinus affects many people in Visakhapatnam. It is not a problem as long as the sinus is under control and does not become chronic. If you have a chronic sinus condition, it is best to visit an ENT hospital in Visakhapatnam. But how do you understand whether your sinus is chronic?
Chronic sinusitis occurs when the spaces inside your nose and head (sinuses) get inflamed and swollen for three months or longer, despite treatment.
This common condition interferes with how mucus usually drains and makes your nose stuffy. Breathing through your nose may be challenging. Also, the area surrounding your eyes may feel tender or swollen.
An infection, swelling of the lining of your sinuses, or growth in the sinuses (nasal polyps) can cause chronic sinusitis. It is also known as chronic rhinosinusitis. The condition can affect both children and adults.
In this article, we are going to discuss the various treatment options for chronic sinus.
Treatment for Sinus
Sinus treatment depends on your condition. A normal sinus can be treated with over-the-counter medications and with the help of a primary care doctor. However, acute and chronic sinus condition requires more care and the expertise of Dr. Pradeep Vundavalli, an exclusive ENT specialist in Visakhapatnam.
Some of the treatment procedures for chronic sinusitis involve:
- Nasal corticosteroids: These nasal sprays help avoid and treat inflammation. Examples are fluticasone, budesonide, mometasone, triamcinolone, and beclomethasone. If the sprays are not effective enough, your ENT specialist may suggest rinsing with a saline solution with budesonide drops. They may also recommend using a nasal mist of the solution.
- Saline nasal irrigation: When saline nasal irrigation is used with nasal solutions or sprays, it decreases drainage and rinses away allergies and irritants.
- Oral or injected corticosteroids: Such medications are used to relieve inflammation from severe sinusitis, particularly if you also get nasal polyps. Oral corticosteroids can bring serious side effects when used long-term, so you can use them only to treat severe symptoms.
- Aspirin desensitization treatment: if you get reactions to aspirin that cause sinusitis. Under medical supervision, you will slowly receive larger doses of aspirin to raise your tolerance.
- Antibiotics: If you get a bacterial infection, your specialist may prescribe antibiotics. If your doctor cannot rule out an underlying condition, they may suggest an antibiotic, sometimes with other medications.
- Immunotherapy: If allergies are contributing to your sinusitis, your doctor may use allergy shots (immunotherapy). It helps decrease the body's reaction to allergens that cause you sinus conditions.
- Surgery: In cases resistant to medication or treatment, endoscopic sinus surgery may be an option. For this treatment, your specialist uses a thin, flexible tube with an attached light (endoscope) to analyze your sinus passages.
Based on the obstruction source, your doctor will use different instruments to take out tissue or shave away a polyp causing a nasal blockage. Enlarging a narrow sinus opening may also be an option to encourage drainage.
Along with the treatment mentioned above, you can also try to solve your sinus problem.
Lifestyle and Home Remedies for Sinus
These self-help steps can relieve sinusitis symptoms:
- Rest: This can help your body in a speedy recovery and reduce inflammation.
- Moisturize your sinuses: Drape a towel on your head as you breathe in the vapor from a bowl of medium-hot water. Keep the vapor in the direction of your face. You can also take a hot shower, breathe in the warm moist air to help mucus drain, and ease the pain.
- Rinse out your nasal passages: Use a uniquely designed squeeze bottle, neti pot, or saline canister to rinse your nasal passages. This home remedy, known as nasal lavage, can clear your sinuses.
Natural remedies for sinus infections may not completely heal your symptoms; however, they can work to decrease them.
How to Prevent Sinus Infections?
Taking steps to let your nasal passages drain well can help you prevent sinus infections. Healthy habits can also contribute to easing your condition:
- Wash your hands daily, particularly after encountering people who have colds or other illnesses.
- Have medications to manage your seasonal allergies.
- Abstain from smoking and avoid second-hand smoke whenever possible.
- Perform nasal irrigation once daily if you are prone to chronic sinus infections.
- Prevent exposure to dry air.
You can speak to your doctor for additional prevention suggestions that target the cause (or causes) of your sinus infection.
You will likely see your primary care specialist first for symptoms of sinusitis. If you have many acute sinusitis episodes or appear to have chronic sinusitis, an ENT specialist can help in treatment and evaluation.
Chronic sinusitis can disturb your quality of life. However, through medical therapies and sometimes surgery — many people can find relief from their symptoms. Here is to breathing easier!