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Today we are going to discuss various important aspects of nose bleeding. Continue to read the article till the end to know in detail about nose bleeding.
Let us start with an overview of nose bleeding:
Nose bleeding is a prevalent health issue. It can be frightening for you, but generally, they do not indicate any severe problem. Your nose is full of many blood vessels. They are very close to the surface of your nose. Hence, they are very fragile and prone to bleed very easily. It is common among adults and children mainly.
The most common type of nose bleed is bleeding from one nostril. But you may suffer from bleeding from both of your nostrils as well. It happens due to heavy blood flow in your any of the nostrils. We call it anterior nosebleeds.
On the other hand, if the bleeding occurs from the backside of your nose, it can go to your stomach. Then you may puke blood. This type of bleeding is known as a posterior nosebleed. Remember, excessive blood loss is very harmful to your health. It can develop dizziness, light-headedness, and fainting as well.
Now that we have discussed what nose bleeding is all about, let us discuss nose bleeding causes.
So, what are the causes of nose bleeding?
Generally, you experience nose bleeding in dry winters. Because your inner lining of the nose becomes dry and irritated in winter. Again, the breaking of your blood vessels can cause your nose bleeding also. Along with this, few other causes of nose bleeding are as follows-
- Allergic reaction
- Sneezing very frequently
- Blowing the nose very hard
- Suffering from cold
- Nose picking
- Sticking a foreign object in your nose
- Certain kind of injuries
- Infection in your upper respiratory tract
- Nasal drop overuse
- Overdoses of some specific medication (aspirin)
- High blood pressure
- Bleeding disorder
In most cases, you will not require any medical help. Whereas, if your nose bleeding lasts for more than 20 minutes or happens due to injury, you should visit an ENT doctor in Visakhapatnam. Your doctor will do a proper diagnosis of your nose bleeding and then start the necessary treatment.
So, how to diagnose nose bleeding?
We at Asian ENT Super Speciality Hospital start your diagnosis with a physical examination. It helps us to determine the causes behind your nose bleeding. We check if there is any foreign object stuck in your nose or not.
We ask about your medical history, like the medications you are taking, if any, and since when, etc. However, we suggest a few medical tests also. These include-
- Complete blood count (CBC) test to identify if there is any disorder in your blood.
- Partial thromboplastin time (PTT) test to know the required time for your blood clotting.
- Endoscopy in your nose to check for any disease or hidden injury.
- CT scan and X-ray of your face and nose.
Now it comes to the treatment of your nose bleed:
The treatment will vary depending upon the type and causes of your issue.
Anterior nose bleeding-
- If the front part of your nose is bleeding, then you can try to treat it at home. You should sit leaning forward and squeeze your nose. Keep your nostril closed for 10 minutes and breathe through your mouth.
- You can use the cold compress technique as well.
Posterior nose bleeding-
- Posterior nose bleedings are rare, and they are serious. You cannot treat this type of bleeding at home. Contact your doctor immediately.
- You need to visit a doctor if you are bleeding for this reason. We can remove the object with our clinical treatment.
- In some instances, you may require surgery to stop your nasal bleeding as well.
So, what are the preventive measures available to control your nose bleeding?
There are several ways to prevent your nose bleeding. These are as follows-
- Limit the intake of aspirin to control blood thinning.
- Avoid continuous sneezing and nose blowing.
- Do not pick your nose.
- Use a humidifier in winter to keep your room moist.
- Apply gel or saline water to keep your nasal passage moist.
- Take proper medication if you are suffering from high blood pressure, infection in your upper respiratory tract.