Are you suffering from thyroid problems?
Is your thyroid hormonal imbalance affecting your quality of life?
If yes, then visit us at Asian ENT Super Specialty Hospital. We offer safe, effective, and cost-efficient medical treatment or thyroid surgery in Visakhapatnam based on your thyroid condition.
Dr. Pradeep Vundavalli is the founder of our ENT hospital in Visakhapatnam. He has expertise in managing diseases of the ear, nose, and throat. Moreover, he is a renowned ENT doctor in Vishakhapatnam.
If you experience thyroid issues, our expert thyroid treatment doctor in Visakhapatnam will examine your condition and find the appropriate treatment plan for you.
Read on to know about the thyroid gland, thyroid surgery, types and procedure of surgery, and more.
What is Thyroid surgery?
The thyroid gland appears as a small, butterfly-shaped structure situated in the lower front of your neck, below the voice box. The thyroid gland produces hormones that the blood supplies to each body tissue, regulating metabolism.
It also plays a vital role in keeping the organs functioning properly and helps the body conserve heat. Sometimes, the thyroid produces an excess hormone that may develop structural issues, such as swelling and cysts or nodules. In such instances, thyroid surgery may be necessary.
Indications of thyroid surgery
The most common causes for thyroid surgery include:
- Presence of benign, cancerous, or precancerous nodules or tumors on the thyroid gland.
- Overproduction of thyroid hormones leads to hyperthyroidism that can be corrected surgically.
- Swelling or enlargement of the thyroid gland is referred to as a goiter. Like large nodules, goiter can block the throat and interfere with eating, speaking, and breathing.
Types of thyroid surgery
- Lobectomy - In some cases, a nodule, infection, or inflammation partially affects the thyroid gland. In such cases, the doctor will dissect only one of the two lobes, and the remaining part may restore some of its function.
- Subtotal thyroidectomy - It includes removing the thyroid, leaving some thyroid tissue that preserves some thyroid function. Patients who undergo this surgery may develop hypothyroidism, which occurs when the thyroid doesn’t produce sufficient hormones. We can treat it with daily hormone medication.
- Total thyroidectomy -It involves the removal of the whole thyroid gland and tissue. This surgery is suitable when nodules, swelling, or inflammation affect the entire thyroid gland or when cancer is present.
- Robotic thyroidectomy - In this type, the surgeon can remove all or portion of the thyroid gland through an axillary incision (via the armpit) or trans-oral incision (via the mouth).
How is thyroid surgery performed?
- Thyroid surgery is an in-patient procedure. It’s necessary not to eat or drink after midnight before your surgery.
- A nurse will put an IV in your arm or wrist to administer fluids and medication.
- Before surgery, your surgeon will do a quick examination and answer your queries, if any.
- Further, the anesthesiologist will inject the medicine into your IV that makes you sleep throughout the surgery.
- The surgeon will do an incision over the thyroid gland and delicately remove all or part of the gland.
- As the thyroid gland is small and surrounded by nerves, the surgery may take two hours or more.
- After the surgery, the staff will shift you to the recovery room and make sure you’re comfortable by checking your vital signs and give pain medication as needed.
- When you’re stable, they’ll shift you to the observation room for 24 to 48 hours.
What precautions should one take after thyroid surgery?
- You may resume your normal activities a week after surgery. However, wait until your doctor permits you to do any strenuous activities.
- Your throat will feel sore for several days. Your doctor may prescribe OTC pain medication to relieve the soreness.
- If these medicines don’t provide relief, your doctor may order narcotic pain medication. After your surgery, you may acquire hypothyroidism. If this happens, your doctor will prescribe some form of levothyroxine to balance your hormone levels.
Risks associated with thyroid surgery
As with any major surgery, thyroid surgery also carries the risk of an adverse reaction to anesthesia, heavy bleeding, or infection.
Risks specific to thyroid surgery are rare, but the two most common are:
- harm to the recurrent laryngeal nerves (nerves connected to the vocal cords)
- injury to the parathyroid glands (glands that regulate the level of calcium)
Why choose us for thyroid surgery in Visakhapatnam?
- Asian ENT Super Specialty Hospital is the only ENT hospital in Andhra Pradesh that broadly deals with the diseases and problems of the ear, nose, throat, head, and neck.
- Under the supervision and leadership of Dr. Pradeep Vundavalli, we have earned recognition for providing advanced and evidence-based treatment.
- Our state-of-the-art ENT Hospital in Visakhapatnam has the latest medical infrastructure, high-quality treatments, committed staff, and highly qualified doctors.
- Our ENT experts have the experience and skills to manage modern diagnostic, surgical, and audiology procedures. They have achieved more than a 98% success rate in surgical procedures.
- We keep the highest standard of excellence at reasonable rates so that everyone can avail of high-quality ENT care.
To seek the most suitable treatment for your thyroid problems, please contact us, or book an appointment online.