Are you suffering from a sore throat?
Do you have trouble swallowing?
If yes, you may have tonsilitis
Asian ENT Hospital provides the best tonsilitis treatment in Vishakhapatnam. It is the most renowned ENT hospital in Vishakhapatnam with experience in a wide range of medical and surgical facilities for ear, nose, throat, head, and neck conditions.
Our Chairman, Dr. Pradeep Vundavalli, is a well-known ENT doctor in Visakhapatnam. He provides effective treatment for children and adults with conditions affecting the ear, nose, mouth, head, and neck. Our ENT experts can relieve your tonsilitis using the most up-to-date diagnosis and treatment methods.
Let us understand more about tonsilitis and what treatment options are available at our ENT hospital.
What is tonsilitis?
Tonsillitis is an inflammation of the tonsils, two oval-shaped tissue pads at the back of the throat, one on either side. Swollen tonsils, a sore throat, trouble swallowing, and tender lymph nodes on the sides of the neck are all signs and symptoms of tonsillitis.
A virus usually causes tonsillitis, but it can also develop due to bacterial infections.
Since the best treatment for tonsillitis is determined by the underlying cause, our ENT specialist ensures prompt and accurate diagnosis.
Now let us move on to understanding what symptoms you might have due to tonsillitis.
What are the symptoms of tonsillitis?
Tonsillitis is most common in children between the ages of childhood and mid-adolescence. The following signs and symptoms characterize it:
- Tonsils that are flushed and swollen
- Tonsils with a white or yellow coating or patches
- Sore throat
- Painful or uncomfortable swallowing
- Swollen and tender neck glands (lymph nodes)
- Scratchy or throaty voice
- Bad breath
- Neck pain or stiffness
Tonsillitis symptoms in young children who are unable to express how they feel include:
- Drooling because of a tough or painful swallowing
- Refusal to consume food
- Unusual fussiness
What are the causes of tonsillitis?
Viruses most often cause tonsillitis, but bacterial infections can also cause it.
The bacterium that causes strep throat, Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus), is the most common cause of tonsillitis. Other strep strains and bacteria can also cause tonsillitis.
Why do tonsils get infected?
The tonsils are the first line of protection for the immune system against bacteria and viruses that invade the mouth. The tonsils may be more susceptible to infection and inflammation because of this function. However, after puberty, the tonsil's immune system function decreases, which might explain the rare adult cases of tonsillitis.
What are the complications of tonsillitis?
Tonsil inflammation or swelling caused by recurrent or long-term (chronic) tonsillitis may result in complications such as:
- Disruption of breathing during sleep (obstructive sleep apnea)
- Infection that has penetrated far into the tissue (tonsillar cellulitis)
- Infection that leads to pus collection behind a tonsil (peritonsillar abscess)
When does strep infection occur?
If your tonsillitis is caused by group A streptococcus or another strain of streptococcal bacteria is not treated or antibiotic treatment is not completed, you are at risk of rare disorders like:
- Rheumatic fever, a severe inflammatory disease affecting the heart, joints, nervous system, and skin.
- Scarlet fever complications, a streptococcal infection marked by a prominent rash
- Kidney inflammation is a condition in which the kidneys become inflamed (post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis)
- Poststreptococcal reactive arthritis, a disease characterized by joint inflammation.
How is tonsillitis diagnosed?
Our ENT doctor will begin with a physical examination, which will include the following:
- Examining your throat with a lighted device, along with your ears and nose, which may be infected.
- Keeping an eye out for scarlatina, a rash linked to strep throat in some cases.
- Checking for swollen glands by gently palpating your jaw (lymph nodes)
- Use a stethoscope to listen to breathing
- Examining the spleen for enlargement (for consideration of mononucleosis, which also inflames the tonsils)
Our specialist will rub a sterile swab over the back of your throat to obtain a sample of secretions. We will then check this sample for streptococcal bacteria.
Our ENT hospital has a lab where a test result can be obtained in a matter of minutes. However, we make sure to send a second more accurate test to a lab, which returns results in a matter of hours or days.
If your rapid in-clinic examination is positive, you are likely suffering from a bacterial infection. If the test is negative, you are more likely to suffer from a viral infection. On the other hand, our doctor will wait for the more accurate out-of-clinic lab test to assess the infection's origin.
What are the treatments available at Asian ENT for tonsillitis?
Our doctor will prescribe antibiotics if a bacterial infection causes your tonsillitis. The most popular antibiotic treatment for tonsillitis caused by group A streptococcus is a penicillin. Our doctor will recommend an alternative antibiotic if you or your child is allergic to penicillin.
Even if the signs disappear completely, you must complete the entire course of antibiotics. If you do not take all your medicine as prescribed, your infection could worsen or spread to other parts of your body. Not finishing the entire course of antibiotics will put you at risk for rheumatic fever and kidney inflammation.
Consult our doctor about what to do if you forget to give yourself or your child a dose.
Tonsillectomy surgery is used to treat tonsillitis that recurs regularly, chronic tonsillitis, or bacterial tonsillitis that does not respond to antibiotic treatment. Tonsillitis that occurs frequently is described as follows:
- A minimum of seven episodes in the previous year
- In the previous two years, at least five episodes a year
- In the previous three years, at least three episodes a year
A tonsillectomy may be appropriate if tonsillitis causes complications that are difficult to treat, such as:
- Sleep apnea (obstructive sleep apnea)
- Respiratory issues
- Difficulty swallowing, particularly meats and other chunky foods
- An abscess that does not improve with antibiotic treatment
A tonsillectomy is usually performed as an outpatient operation. That means you or your child should be able to leave the hospital on the day of surgery. It normally takes seven to fourteen days for a full recovery.