Do you suffer from throat problems frequently?
Are you experiencing severe throat pain or difficulties in swallowing?
At Asian ENT Super Specialty Hospital, we treat all types of voice, larynx, and throat disorders in Visakhapatnam. Our ENT doctor in Visakhapatnam specializes in managing diseases of the throat, larynx, the upper aero-digestive tract or esophagus, voice problems, and swallowing disorders.
If you experience any throat-related issues, our ENT specialist will help diagnose your condition and find the right treatment plan for you.
Read on to know more about different throat disorders, associated symptoms, diagnoses, and treatments.
What are Throat Disorders?
Your throat, medically known as the pharynx, is a tube that carries food to your esophagus, air to the windpipe and larynx. Throat disorders are one of the most prominent health conditions as they can be very painful.
Some of the throat disorders are:
- Strep throat: It is a more extreme version of a sore throat caused by bacteria. Strep throat usually needs antibiotic treatment.
- Vocal cord polyps: Polyps result from excessive use of the vocal cords, such as loud shouting.
- Obstructive sleep apnea: It is a severe condition where someone stops breathing while sleeping.
- Hoarse voice: A hoarse voice is often produced due to inflammation in the larynx. It can make your voice sound raspy and quiet.
- Throat cancer: Tumours can occur in the throat, on the vocal cords, or tonsils. Excessive use of tobacco and alcohol increases the chances of developing throat cancer.
What are voice disorders?
You may suffer from a voice disorder if you face issues with volume, pitch, or tone. These disorders occur when your vocal cords don't vibrate naturally. Your voice is the sound that air makes when forced out of your lungs and passes over the vocal cords.
Types of Voice disorders:
- Laryngitis: It occurs when the vocal cords swell, making the voice hoarse, or you may not be able to speak at all.
- Vocal cord paresis or paralysis: Your vocal cords can paralyze partly (paresis) or entirely. It results from a viral infection, injury to a nerve during surgery, stroke, or cancer.
- Spasmodic dysphonia: It is a nerve issue which causes spasm in the vocal cords. It can make your voice sound tight, rough, or groaning.
Symptoms of Voice disorder:
- Quivering sound
- A rough or harsh sound
- Strained or choppy sound
- The weak, whispery, or breathy sound
- Too high or low pitch
- Pain in throat while speaking
Diagnosis of Voice disorders:
- Laryngoscopy: It lets your doctor examine the throat using fiber-optic laryngoscopy.
- Laryngeal EMG: It measures electrical activity in the throat muscles and helps in diagnosing nerve problems in the throat.
- Stroboscopy: It uses a strobe light and a video camera to observe how the vocal cords are vibrating during speech.
- Imaging tests: X-rays and MRI can show growth or other tissue problems in the throat.
Treatment for Voice disorders:
- Lifestyle changes: Some lifestyle changes, like not yelling or speaking loudly and resting your voice if you talk or sing a lot, may reduce or stop symptoms.
- Speech therapy: It can help with certain voice disorders through exercises and changes in speaking behaviors.
- Medicines: Some voice disorders are treatable with medicine.
- Injections: Some of the injectables can treat muscle spasms in the throat.
- Surgery: Your doctor can remove some tissue growths. If cancer causes changes, you may need other treatment. It may include radiation therapy.
What is swallowing disorder or dysphagia?
If there are problems with the muscles that direct swallowing, it leads to dysphagia. Dysphagia can cause food or other material to enter the airways or lungs. It is called aspiration.
Naturally, the epiglottis blocks food particles and stomach contents from entering your lungs; dysphagia can disrupt this process. Aspiration is critical as it can lead to pneumonia and other problems.
Symptoms of dysphagia:
- Feeling of food sticking in the throat or coming back into the mouth
- Pain when swallowing
- Coughing or wheezing during or after
- Excess saliva
- Feeling congested after eating or drinking
- Shortness of breath or fatigue while eating
Diagnosis of Dysphagia:
- Diagnosis of dysphagia usually starts with a medical history evaluation.
- A speech-language pathologist (SLP) will ask you about the symptoms you are suffering.
In some cases, you might need several tests to find the cause of dysphagia. These tests might include:
- Modified Barium Swallow test (MBS) to detect if the material is going into your lungs.
- Fibreoptic Endoscopic Evaluation of Swallowing (FEES) instead of MBS.
- Pharyngeal manometry if the origin of the dysphagia is still in question, to check the pressure in your esophagus.
Treatment for Dysphagia:
- If possible, your doctor will try to address the underlying cause of dysphagia.
- Some cases may require surgery to treat the root cause.
- Your doctor may give medicines to reduce the flow of saliva to address the cause of your dysphagia.
What is tonsillitis?
Tonsillitis means inflamed or swollen tonsils. Your tonsils are large and fleshy glands on the back of the throat. They produce antibodies that help fight infections.
Symptoms of tonsillitis:
- Blisters or painful sores on the throat
- Difficulty to swallow
- Foul breath
- Loss of appetite
- Swollen and tender lymph nodes in the jaw or neck region
Diagnosis of tonsillitis:
- Your ENT doctor will ask about your health history and do a physical exam.
- Your doctor may do a strep test by taking a swab of your tonsils to confirm if Strep bacteria is causing the infection.
Treatment of tonsillitis:
- Antibiotic treatment for tonsillitis caused by bacteria
- Antiviral medication to treat tonsillitis caused by a virus
- Surgery to remove reoccurring tonsils
Why choose us?
- Asian ENT Super Specialty Hospital is the only kind of ENT hospital in Andhra Pradesh that widely deals with the disorders and issues of the ear, nose, throat, head, and neck.
- Under the management and guidance of Dr. Pradeep Vundavalli, our Director, we have gained recognition for providing the most advanced and evidence-based treatment.
- Our state-of-the-art ENT Hospital in Visakhapatnam has an advanced medical infrastructure, excellent result-oriented treatments, devoted staff, and highly qualified doctors.
- Our ENT specialist has the experience and skills to handle modern diagnostic, surgical, and audiology procedures. They have gained more than a 98% success rate in surgical procedures.
- We maintain the highest standard of excellence at affordable rates so that everyone can benefit from high-quality ENT care. Hence, we rank in topmost positions when people search for the best ENT hospital near me.
Contact us or book an appointment online if you are having difficulty swallowing or suffering from severe throat pain.